Sudan is located at the north eastern part of Africa, Sharing
borders with nine countries: Egypt, Libya, Chad; Central Africa,
Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia and Eritrea (see map).
The total area of Sudan amounts to 2.506 millions square
Sudan is characterized by a wide range of cultural, ethnic and
religious diversity, with numerous tribes, languages and
dialects. Arabic is the Iingua franca for the majority of
Sudanese people. The CPA. and Sudan. constitution state that
English is also a transitional language in higher education and
government offices. Such considerations, in addition to the vast
extension of Sudan's geographical territory, necessitated the
adoption of federalism as the most appropriate form of
According to thee 2005 transitional constitution, there are 25
states, having a government headed by walii (Governor) and a
number of ministers and a state's legislative council.
Federal government is responsible for planning and coordination,
training, external relations; whereas state governments are
responsible for executive work as well as participation in
national planning through the prescribe channel and national
The annual growth rate of GDP reached 9.5% in 2006, due to the
increase in oil production coupled by rising oil prices in
international markets, thus leading to increase its contribution
to GDP reached 16.5%. The rate of inflation for the same year
estimated at 7,2%.
The agricultural sector represented 42.9% of the GDP. The animal
production sector witnessed progressive growth where the
livestock size estimated at 138.2 millions.
The industrial sector contributes 26.6% and the service sector
contributes32,2% of the GDP.